Lord Krishna said: The sages define renunciation as abstaining from all work for personal profit. The wise define sacrifice as the sacrifice of, and the freedom from, the selfish attachment to the fruits of all work. (See also 5.01, 5.05, and 6.01) (18.02)
Some philosophers say that all work is full of faults and should be given up, while others say that acts of sacrifice, charity, and austerity should not be abandoned. (18.03)
O Arjuna, listen to My conclusion about sacrifice. Sacrifice is said to be of three types. (18.04)
Acts of service, charity, and austerity should not be abandoned, but should be performed, because service, charity, and austerity are the purifiers of the wise. (18.05)
Even these obligatory works should be performed without attachment to the fruits. This is My definite supreme advice, O Arjuna. (18.06)
THREE TYPES OF SACRIFICE
Giving up one's duty is not proper. The abandonment of obligatory work is due to delusion, and is declared to be in the mode of ignorance.(Tamasic) (18.07)
One who abandons duty merely because it is difficult, or because of fear of bodily trouble, does not get the benefits of sacrifice by performing such a sacrifice in the mode of passion.(Rajasic) (18.08)
Obligatory work performed as duty, renouncing selfish attachment to the fruit, is alone regarded to be sacrifice in the mode of goodness, O Arjuna.(Satawic) (18.09)
The one who neither hates a disagreeable work, nor is attached to an agreeable work, is considered a renunciant (Tyagi), imbued with the mode of goodness, intelligent, and free from all doubts about the Supreme Being. (18.10)
Human beings cannot completely abstain from work. Therefore, the one who completely renounces the selfish attachment to the fruits of all works is considered a renunciant. (18.11)
The threefold fruit of works — desirable, undesirable, and mixed ¾ accrues after death to the one who is not a renunciant (Tyagi), but never to a Tyagi. (18.12)
FIVE CAUSES OF ANY ACTION
Learn from Me, O Arjuna, the five causes, as described in the Sankhya doctrine, for the accomplishment of all actions. They are: The physical body, the seat of Karma; the modes of material Nature, the doer; the eleven organs of perception and action, the instruments; various bioimpulses; and the fifth is the presiding deities of the eleven organs. (18.13-14)
Whatever action, whether right or wrong, one performs by thought, word, and deed; these are its five causes. (18.15)
Therefore, the ignorant one who considers one’s body or the soul as the sole agent due to imperfect knowledge does not understand. (18.16)
The one who is free from the notion of doership, and whose intellect is not polluted by the desire to reap the fruit; even after slaying these people, he or she neither slays nor is bound by the act of killing. (18.17)
The subject, the object, and the knowledge of the object are the threefold driving force to an action. The eleven organs; the act, and the agent or the modes of material Nature are the three components of action. (18.18)
THREE TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE
Self-knowledge, action), and agent are said to be of three types according to Sankhya doctrine. Hear duly about these also. (18.19)
The knowledge by which one sees a single immutable Reality in all beings as undivided in the divided; such knowledge is in the mode of goodness.(Satawic) (See also 11.13, and 13.16) (18.20)
The knowledge by which one sees different realities of various types among all beings as separate from one another; consider that knowledge to be in the mode of passion.(Rajasic) (18.21)
The irrational, baseless, and worthless knowledge by which one clings to one single effect (such as the body) as if it is everything; such knowledge is declared to be in the mode of darkness of ignorance.(Tamasic) (18.22)
THREE TYPES OF ACTION
The obligatory duty performed without likes and dislikes, and without selfish motives and attachment to enjoy the fruit, is said to be in the mode of goodness.(Satwic) (18.23)
Action performed with ego, with selfish motives, and with too much effort; is declared to be in the mode of passion.(Rajasic) (18.24)
Action that is undertaken because of delusion; disregarding consequences, loss, injury to others, as well as one’s own ability is said to be in the mode of ignorance.(Tamasic) (18.25)
THREE TYPES OF AGENT
The agent who is free from attachment, is non-egotistic, endowed with resolve and enthusiasm, and unperturbed in success or failure is called good.(Satawic) (18.26)
The agent who is impassioned, attached to the fruits of their work, greedy, violent, impure, and is affected by joy and sorrow is called passionate.(Rajasic) (18.27)
The undisciplined, vulgar, stubborn, wicked, malicious, lazy, depressed, and procrastinating agent is called ignorant.(Tamasic) (18.28)
THREE TYPES OF INTELLECT
Now hear the threefold division of intellect and resolve, based on modes of material Nature, as explained by Me fully and separately, O Arjuna. (18.29)
O Arjuna, the intellect by which one understands the path of work and the path of renunciation, right and wrong action, fear and fearlessness, bondage and liberation, that intellect is in the mode of goodness. (Satawic)(18.30)
The intellect by which one cannot distinguish between righteousness (Dharma) and unrighteousness (Adharma), and right and wrong action; that intellect is in the mode of passion, O Arjuna.(Rajasic) (18.31)
The intellect ¾ when covered by ignorance ¾ accepts unrighteousness (Adharma) as righteousness (Dharma), and thinks everything to be that which it is not, is in the mode of ignorance, O Arjuna.(Tamasic) (18.32)
THREE TYPES OF RESOLVE, AND THE FOUR GOALS OF HUMAN LIFE
The resolve by which one manipulates the functions of the mind, Prana (bioimpulses), and senses for God-realization only; that resolve is in the mode of goodness, O Arjuna.(Satawic) (18.33)
The resolve by which a person, craving for the fruits of work, clings to duty, accumulating wealth, and enjoyment with great attachment; that resolve, O Arjuna, is in the mode of passion.(Rajasic) (18.34)
The resolve by which a dull person does not give up sleep, fear, grief, despair, and carelessness; that resolve is in the mode of ignorance, O Arjuna.(Tamasic) (18.35)
THREE TYPES OF PLEASURE
And now hear from Me, O Arjuna, about the threefold pleasure. The pleasure one enjoys from spiritual practice results in cessation of all sorrows. (18.36)
The pleasure that appears as poison in the beginning, but is like nectar in the end, comes by the grace of Self-knowledge, and is in the mode of goodness.(Satwic) (18.37)
Sensual pleasures appear as nectar in the beginning, but become poison in the end; such pleasures are in the mode of passion.(Rajsic) (See also 5.22) (18.38)
Pleasure that confuses a person in the beginning and in the end; which comes from sleep, laziness, and carelessness; such pleasure is said to be in the mode of ignorance.(Tamsic) (18.39)
There is no being, either on the earth or among the celestial controllers in the heaven, who can remain free from these three modes of material Nature. (18.40)
Now it is for the learner to understnad what is Satwic,Rajsic and Tamsic
A very good campaign of Beti Bachao & Beti Padao is going on. But the new generation is now raising some new questions about our surroundings. one such question was raised by my daughter, which tries to pierces into the hypocrisy. In fact, this raises a big question for everyone.
She asked me, Papa just like Beti Bachao Beti Padao, is for girls, " Boys ke liye kya hota hai ( what campaign do we have for boys) ?". Now, this small question has a lot of hidden questions in itself. I was a little held back, or may be, a little clue-less. As what should i say to my 5 year old kid.
But, i couldnt lie to her, i told her, what ever i thought is appropriate keeping in view what she could easily understand. But it was highly difficult for me not to rupture her safe zone & not to let her come out of her kids Zone & enter into a boy or girl zone. If she starts relating that she is a girl first and a kid later, that would be hig…
मेरी कुड़ियां लक्ष्मी नहीं है ( My DAUGHTERS are no Lakshmi)
"Its OK yaar, ladkiyan to lakshmi hoti hain, luck le ke aati hain ....Bow Bow Bow......Blah Blah"
"कन्या देवी है , लक्ष्मी है , बड़ बड़ बड़। ......... "
A Line which i am hearing since last 2-3 days, since my 2nd daughter is born.
This is to all my fellow congratulate-ors who come in the garb of concerned relatives / friends. Pls stop coming to me like a cover up artist.
You all can come to me like an actual happy person and actually congratulate me if you are happy else dont bring your banters to me.
मुझे सांत्वना की ज़रुरत नहीं है।
On a serious note, i would like to humbly request everyone, pls dont burden the new borns
( irrespective of there gender ), dont burden them with HUGE responsibilities to be like gods or goddesses. Let a normal child be like a sweet normal child, be it a boy or a girl. If you become rich or poor after your child is born, it is only because of your deeds or may be some law of ka…
A big question mark comes to surface, when godmen like Ram Rahim of Dera Sacha Sauda are being convicted. The huge following of such godmen which is primarily and majorly from bottom of pyramid, lower caste or the people whom the Godmen has helped in one way or the other.
Have we ever wondered, what is the reason of this, Probably, loopholes of existing religious, traditional & ritualistic systems are an opportunity for these babas. They come and encash these loopholes, which exist in the form of divisive religious traditions which had been part of our rituals and social system.
Its 2017, and still there are lot of villages where a Scheduled Caste person cant drink water from an Upper Caste Kshatriyas/Brahmins house. We are so badly entangled and netted in the traditional and obsolete system, that we don't even open our eyes to realize the demarcation of being wrong or right.
When a group of people or a caste is snubbed because of there social…